The climate change performance index aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables comparison of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries
In terms of climate change performance, India has secured a rank among the top 5 countries in the world. In the process, the country has emerged the best among the G20 countries.
The climate change performance index (CCPI 2023), as publicised by German Watch, New Climate Institute and Climate Action Network International based in Germany, has proved that India has zoomed 2 spots higher. This places India on the 8th place. The latest report of CCPI was released at COP 27 in November 2022.
The list has countries such as Denmark, Sweden, Chile and Morocco as the only four small countries that were ranked above India at the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th slots respectively. Significantly enough, the first, second and third ranks were not awarded to any country. That, in effect, makes India’s rank is the best amongst all large economies.
India achieved high rating in GHG Emissions, Energy Use
According to communication from the Union government, the climate change performance index aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables comparison of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries. Published annually since 2005, the climate change performance index is an independent monitoring tool for tracking the climate protection performance of 59 countries and the EU.
Every year, the CCPI sets off important public and political debates within the countries assessed. The climate protection performance of these 59 countries, which together account for 92 percent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, is assessed in four categories: GHG Emissions (40 percent of overall score), Renewable Energy (20 percent of overall score), Energy Use (20 percent of overall score) and Climate Policy (20 percent of overall score).
India only G-20 nation in the top 10 climate protection performance rank
India achieved a high rating in the GHG Emissions and Energy Use categories, while a medium for Climate Policy and Renewable Energy. The aggressive policies of India towards rapid deployment of renewables and robust framework for energy efficiency programs have shown considerable impact. As per the CCPI report, India is on track to meet its 2030 emissions targets (compatible with a well-below-2°C scenario).
The ranking given by CCPI places India as the only G-20 country in the top 10 rank. It may be mentioned here that India will now be assuming G-20 Presidency and it will be an opportune time to show the World, about its climate mitigation policies such as deployment of renewable sources of energy and other energy transition programmes.