Samsung Faces Q4 Profit Setback, Eyes Recovery in Memory Chip Market

Despite a 35% Drop in Operating Profit, Samsung's Smallest Year-on-Year Decline in Five Quarters Sparks Hope for a Memory Chip Rebound.

Samsung flags bigger-than-expected Q4 profit drop on weak demand A recovery for memory chips is expected this year as prices rebounded in the December quarter after production cuts, with the trend expected to continue. Samsung Electronics Co Ltd reported a likely 35% drop in fourth-quarter operating profit on Tuesday, much worse than analysts expected as weak consumer demand persisted in many of its businesses even as memory chip prices improved. 

The world’s largest memory chip, smartphone and TV maker estimated its operating profit fell to 2.8 trillion won ($2.13 billion) in October-December from 4.31 trillion won a year earlier. The profit missed a 3.7 trillion won LSEG SmartEstimate, weighted toward forecasts from analysts who are more consistently accurate. Lower-than-expected profit from Samsung’s chip contract manufacturing, mobile processors, television and home appliance businesses may have caused Samsung to fall short of forecasts, analysts said. 

Rival LG Electronics on Monday flagged a fourth-quarter operating profit of 313 billion, well below estimates due to intensifying competition and higher spending on marketing in the television and home appliance markets to revive consumer demand, which has been hurt by high inflation. “The only thing that has improved is memory chips, and that’s because Chinese PC and mobile makers began restocking memory chips in fourth quarter after using up their own stocks for so long,” said Lee Min-hee, analyst at BNK Investment & Securities.“Consumer demand is still not great, and unless interest rates are lowered and the economy stimulated, it may not improve much.” 

Samsung’s mobile business likely saw shipments of its two flagship foldable models fall about 1 million units each versus the third quarter, leading to a slight dip in earnings, analysts said. MEMORY REBOUND Despite being weaker than expected, this is Samsung’s smallest on-year profit drop in five quarters, after reporting a 31% drop in the third quarter of 2022, as a memory chip glut from slow demand for gadgets caused a severe industry downturn last year. 

Samsung’s chip division likely reduced its fourth-quarter loss versus the 4.36 trillion and 3.75 trillion in the second and third quarters, analysts said, with its memory chip earnings improving with DRAM business returning to a profit. A recovery for memory chips is expected this year as prices rebounded in the December quarter after production cuts, with the trend expected to continue. Mobile DRAM chip prices rose an estimated 18%-23% during the fourth quarter, while mobile NAND flash chip prices rose 10%-15%, according to data provider TrendForce. Shares in Samsung Electronics opened up 1.2%, but pared gains to trade 0.1% up on Tuesday morning versus a 0.6% rise in the wider market.

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